Eye Care

Eye Health And Diseases

Genetic and environmental causes of eye diseases: Eye diseases can be caused by both genetic factors and environmental factors such as infection or aging.

Importance of early diagnosis and treatment: Many eye diseases can be diagnosed and treated in the early stages, so it is important to protect eye health by visiting the doctor.

Variety of treatments available: There are various methods available to treat eye diseases, including operations such as cataract surgery and laser surgery.

Common eye diseases: Some common eye diseases include color blindness, strabismus, myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, conjunctivitis, glaucoma, cataracts, lazy eye, keratoconus.

Eye diseases

Eye diseases are disorders that limit the ability to see and occur in the eye. Eye diseases may be genetic or may occur due to certain environmental factors. All problems that occur in any part of the eye can be called eye diseases. They are usually caused by genes inherited from the family. Eye diseases caused by environmental factors are caused by some external factors. One of the causes of visual impairment is damage caused by the ingress or penetration of any substance into the eye. Being in places with poor vision for a long period of time can also cause eye diseases. Environments with unbalanced light settings are one of these places. Eye defects can also occur as a result of some diseases. These and similar reasons cause problems in the eye. Eye problems are treated with a number of methods. Health problems can occur in our eyes due to genetic reasons, environmental factors such as infection or aging. Most of us do not go to the doctor to protect our eye health unless we encounter any discomfort. However, many diseases that may occur in our eyes can be diagnosed and treated at the very beginning. These are operations that are performed in a short time and do not require the patient to stay in the hospital too much after treatment. Waiting time is short.

Allergic Eye Diseases
Tear System Disorders

All kinds of operations can be performed, from cataracts to laser surgeries.

Common Eye Disorders and Diseases

Allergic Eye Diseases
Tear System Disorders
Mole on the Eyelid
Children’s Eye Health
Glaucoma (Eye Pressure)
Blocked Tear Duct
Eyelid Aesthetic
Diabetic Eye Disease
Smart Lenses
Other Applications

Conjunctivitis and Allergic Conjunctivitis :

Conjunctivitis, also known as pinkeye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin clear tissue that lies over the white part of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelid.Children get it a lot. It can be highly contagious (it spreads rapidly in schools and day cares), but it’s rarely serious. It's very unlikely to damage your vision, especially if you find it and treat it quickly. When you take care to prevent its spread and do all the things your doctor recommends, pinkeye clears up with no long-term problems.

What are cataracts?

Cataract eye disease occurs when the natural lens in the eye, which provides clear vision, loses its transparency over the past years. Because of the natural lens that becomes dull, patients see as if they are looking through a fogged glass.

What are the symptoms of cataracts?

Sensitivity to light (glare)
Double vision
Reading difficulty
Impaired night vision
Fading and yellowing in colors
Gradual decrease in vision
Frequent changes in the number of glasses

What is myopia?

Myopia is the inability to see far away due to the structure of the eye being longer than normal. In myopia, the rays coming to the eye focus in front of the retina rather than on it. People with myopia have difficulty seeing distant objects and signs, they can clearly see objects that are close.

What is hyperopia?

Hyperopia is an eye defect that occurs when the rays coming to the eye focus behind the retina. While hyperops can see far, they cannot see nearby objects clearly. Hyperopia is not a disease, but a defect in refracting the light coming into the eye.


What is astigmatism?

Astigmatism is a congenital deformity of the foremost transparent layer (cornea) of the eye. Normally, the cornea should have a round shape like an orange, but an elliptical shape like an egg, we call "astigmatism". Those with astigmatism see the point shapes they look at as elongated and scattered. Astigmatic patients see both distance and near blurred. Especially those with high astigmatism experience prominent eye and headache apart from being unable to see clearly. Astigmatism; It can be treated with glasses and contact lenses, laser or intraocular lens surgery.

What is glaucoma (Eye Tension)?

Glaucoma, which is called "Eye Pressure" or "Black Water Disease" by the public, is defined as the damage of the eye nerve caused by the increase in intraocular pressure. It is a common eye disease that causes permanent vision loss if not diagnosed and treated early. When eye pressure rises, visual nerves are destroyed. The visual nerve consists of about one million nerve fibers. First, fine fibers are lost and the damaged nerves narrow the visual field of the eye.

What are the symptoms of eye pressure?

The sense of sight gradually decreases, when the complaints begin, permanent damage has settled in the visual field. In the "acute glaucoma crisis" type, eye pressure suddenly rises very high. Symptoms such as redness, pain, blurred vision, seeing colored rings around lights, nausea and vomiting can be seen in the eye.

What are eye pressure treatments?

Glaucoma is treated with eye drops that lower intraocular pressure. Surgery or laser intervention is another option to reduce intraocular pressure. Some patients may require more than one surgical intervention.

What is Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)?

Amblyopia, without a known disease in the eye and visual pathways, is the result of visual impairment and / or abnormal interaction between both eyes, mostly in one eye and rarely in both eyes.

Contact Lens

Contact lenses are used to correct visual disturbances, change eye color, or treat corneal diseases. Contact lenses have evolved from the 1800s to thin plastic corneal lenses made from blown glass lenses that completely covered the front of the pupil. Today, lens types and materials are diverse with the usage options they provide. An eye examination is performed by the ophthalmologist for the selection of contact lenses suitable for the eye structure. Lens type, degree, base curve and diameter to be used in examination are determined. To determine the fit, a lens with the closest diopter possible is attached at the same time. The movement, balance and average of the lens are examined.

Suitable Contact Lens Criteria

Contact lenses are designed to rest on the cornea. They stay in place mainly by adhering to the tear membrane covering the front of the eye and a little by the pressure of the eyelids..
As the eye blinks, the eyelid slides over the surface of the contact lens, causing the front to move slightly. This action allows the tears to provide the necessary lubrication and helps wash away debris. Too tight lens does not move at all. May cause sensitivity in the eyes. At first the user may be comfortable, but his visual acuity is poor. It may cause complications in the long term. .
Too loose lens, excessive movement. The lower eyelid feels the lens a lot. The image is blurred after blinking. The lens escapes from the center. Lens edges may be curled.
The user should see clearly and comfortably, not feel the lens. Vision should not change after blinking.
The edge strip should not put pressure on the eyes.
dThe lens suitable for the eye is well centered and covers the cornea. The lens should move lightly for tear circulation. The user should see clearly and comfortably, not feel the lens. Vision should not change after blinking.
The edge strip should not put pressure on the eyes. Should not be used with contact lenses. It should not be entered into the sea or pool. When wearing contact lenses causes a feeling of redness or stinging in your eyes, you should immediately remove the lens and consult a doctor.

Treatment of Eyelid

Eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty) is the process of removing excess fat, muscle and skin tissue in the lower and upper eyelids and tightening the areas around the eyes that support these tissues. With this surgical application, sagging upper and lower eyelids that are turned inward or outward, bagging due to excess fat accumulation and wrinkles around the eyes are corrected.

What is Droopy Eyelid?

It is an eye problem that is congenital or developed due to various reasons, and is seen as a low eyelid covering the colored part of the eye for more than one millimeter. Eyelid drooping should definitely be treated as it will cause problems such as aesthetics and narrowing in the field of vision. In children, droopy eyelids can cause lazy eye. If lazy eye has occurred, it must be operated up to the age of 6. The disease can be seen in people of all ages. It can be congenital or developed later. Eyelid drooping can often be caused by hereditary problems or muscle disorders.

What are the symptoms of low eyelid?

Trying to raise the eyelids by raising their eyebrows
A tired and dull expression on the face
Dry eyes or excessive tearing
Visual field narrowing

What are the treatments for Droopy Eyelid?

Treatment of the disease is possible surgically. Since this problem is seen at all ages, treatment methods may vary according to age groups. Generally, in pediatric patients, surgery is performed in order not to affect vision and to prevent lazy eye, and then the use of special glasses with closure treatment can be recommended and intervention with eye drops. If the patient is an adult, the excess tissue in the eyelid, which is visible from the outside and even decreases the level of vision, can be removed or the muscle can be intervened to strengthen the muscle holding the eyelid. For eyelid drooping, when surgical intervention is required, treatment is performed by our specialist physicians. The treatment is operations that take about 20 minutes and are usually performed under local anesthesia.

What are Age-Related Eyelid Changes?

With aging, eyebrows and eyelids fall, inward or outward rotation in the lower eyelid, bags or depressions around the eyes and wrinkles occur. These complaints can also be seen in families in younger people. Changes around the cover give the person an unhappy, tired and sleepy appearance. The treatment method is determined according to the type of problem.

What is Lash Ingrown?

Eyelash ingrowth occurs congenitally or after some eyelid diseases, as a result of the inward rotation of the eyelid edge or just the eyelashes. They damage the transparent layer of the eye, which we call the cornea. Its treatment is surgery.

What is the Treatment of Congenital Disorders of the Eyelid?

It is the most common congenital eyelid defect. In addition, there may be eyelid disorders such as adhesion on the eyelid, inward or outward rotation on the lid edge, missing eyelid, and extra lash row. The treatment of these diseases is surgery.

Is Facial Paralysis Treatment Possible?

Facial paralysis occurs as a result of the nerve that provides the movements of the eyebrows, eyelids and face not working for any reason. In case of temporary paralysis, medical treatment is applied to protect the eye. Different surgical treatments are applied in permanent paralysis.

How are Detention Bags treated?

The most important reason for the formation of under-eye bags is genetics, in other words heredity. The second reason is thyroid disease. Under-eye bags give the person an older and tired look than they are. It is treated by removing excess adipose tissue or changing their location.

Operations can be performed under local anesthesia and their effects continue for a long time. Interventions on the lower eyelid can often be applied through the eyelid without the need to cut the skin. In this way, the problem of scarring or deformity on the valve after the operation is avoided.

What is Eyebrow Lift Operation?

In addition to eyelid excess, patients may also have low eyebrows. Usually depending on age or genetically, the outer sides of the eyebrows may fall down due to gravity. This fall creates excess skin on the cover by placing a load on the cover and spoils the aesthetic appearance. In one of the treatment methods, an incision is made just above the eyebrows parallel to the eyebrow hair and the eyebrow is lifted upwards. This incision can be made with a scalpel or carbon dioxide laser. The incision scar can be seen in a hidden amount for 3-6 months. It is rarely applied. The other method is an incision from the line of the lid with a technique similar to our first example. It is especially effective in lowering the outer part of the eyebrow at the rate of 1/3. It is a method that does not leave any marks on the eyebrows.


There is a rag at the bottom of each eyelash. These glands secrete and nourish and water the transparent layer (cornea), which is the foremost layer of our eyes. Thus, our vision becomes clear. Here, these cloth mouths are narrow in some people. Eyelash base glands become infected due to stenosis. Dandruff at the bottom of the eyelashes, loss of eyelashes and frequent inflammation, even by making a cyst on the lid, it creates a CHALASION. Blepharitis is a chronic disease. The sick doctor goes around and seeks a cure. Each doctor gives a different antibiotic drop or cream, and the patient thinks they will be cured. The main treatment is warm dressing and cleaning the bottom of the eyelashes every morning. It is important to clean the eyelashes every day.

What is Almond Eye Aesthetics?

It is aimed to raise the eyes slightly in almond eye aesthetic operations. These operations, which have started to be performed quite frequently recently and make many women happy, provide a more aesthetic appearance to the face and eye area. Almond eye surgery provides a completely new and aesthetic appearance to the eye corners, where women deal with make-up the most and deformities occur over time.

What is Eye Pain?

Eye pain is an occasional pain that occurs in most people but rarely is caused by a serious medical condition. Eye pain is divided into two depending on where you feel the pain in the eye. The pain seen on the surface of the eye is called ocular, and the pain felt inside or deeper is called orbital pain. Eye pain often goes away without the need for medication or treatment. Pain observed on the surface may be felt as scratching, burning or itching. Ocular pains are often caused by irritation from a foreign body, infection, or trauma. These types of eye pain are often easily treated with eye drops or rest. Eye pain (orbital pain) that occurs in the depths of the eye is felt as stabbing or throbbing. These types of eye pain may require more in-depth treatment, depending on the cause. If eye pain is observed with vision loss, it may be a symptom of a medical emergency. If you begin to lose your vision while experiencing eye pain, you should see a doctor immediately.

What happens if eye pain is not treated?

Most eye pain disappears with no or mild treatment. Medical conditions that cause eye pain or pain rarely cause permanent damage to the eye. However, some conditions that cause eye pain, such as glaucoma, can cause more serious problems if left untreated.

Keratoconus (Corneal Diseases)

Keratoconus is the conical tapering of the normally rounded cornea (transparent layer of the eye) forward. It is a progressive and vision-impaired disease, usually starting in adolescence. Myopia and irregular astigmatism develop in patients with keratoconus. For this reason, patients cannot see the distance and the near very clearly. Eye degrees constantly increase and therefore frequent glasses change is required.

Treatment of Keratoconus

In the early and mild stages, glasses and soft contact lenses are sufficient to increase vision. However, as the disease progresses, the cornea becomes thinner and distorted; Glasses and soft contact lenses are not enough at this stage.

Keratoconus Treatment Methods:

Corneal Cross-Linking
Special Soft Contact Lenses
Rigid Gas Permeable Contact Lenses
Hard Gas Permeable Contact Lens On Soft Contact Lens (Piggyback Lens Application) Hybrid Contact Lens
Scleral or Semi-Scleral Lens
Corneal Ring (İntacs)
Cornea Transplant (Keratoplasty)

Strabismus and Color Blindness

Loss of Synchronous Normal Movements of the Eyes Dimming One Eye, Especially in Light Environments Red Reflex Reflected From Eyes in Photos Turns Yellow Turning the Head and / or Face in One Direction Later Imbalance in Walking

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